Cramping after Ovulation

A woman’s body goes through many changes, especially during ovulation, menstruation, and pregnancy. When a woman is ovulating, the process of producing an egg for fertilization, there is a possibility of cramping.

The ovulation process occurs once in every 28 to 35 days. It depends on the woman’s cycle. If there is no sexual contact, no sperm will fertilize the egg and so it implants itself in the lining of the uterus and will eventually expel in the vagina. It is known as vaginal bleeding or what most of us know, monthly period/menstruation. (1, 2, 3)

Following the ovulation process, women may experience cramping that may last for a few seconds to minutes. An abdominal cramping is a sudden sharp pain, which many women refer to as dysmenorrhea. An abdominal cramping may take place during and/or after ovulation. (2, 3)

Cramping after ovulation is usually asymptomatic but for some reasons, some women tend to experience pain and other related symptoms. As the woman’s body goes through changes every month, especially before the onset of menstruation, the following signs are observed:

  • Increased sexual drive.
  • Increased cervical mucus that is slippery in nature. If you touch and stretch it, it is similar to that of an egg white. It is an indicator that you are fertile.
  • A feeling of bloating secondary to water retention.
  • The vulva is swollen and increased sensitivity.
  • Breast tenderness (3, 4, 5)

A diagram illustrating the changes in the body when it is ovulating as well as the possible reasons for cramping after ovulation image photo picture

Image 1: A diagram illustrating the changes in the body when it is ovulating as well as the possible reasons for cramping after ovulation.
Picture Source: www.ovulationcalculator.com

Cramping after ovulation is normal but could also be a presumptive sign of pregnancy image photo picture

Picture 2: Cramping after ovulation is normal but could also be a presumptive sign of pregnancy.
Photo Source: conceivesuccess.com

The woman’s reproductive health and the typical reasons why cramping after ovulation takes place image photo picture

Photo 3: The woman’s reproductive health and the typical reasons why cramping after ovulation takes place.
Image Source: www.epainassist.com

Hot compress is one of the natural ways to alleviate pain and discomfort brought by cramping after ovulation image photo picture

Image 4: Hot compress is one of the natural ways to alleviate pain and discomfort brought by cramping after ovulation.
Picture Source: mommydocs.com

What causes abdominal cramps after ovulation?

Spasm

The egg travels through the fallopian tube until it reaches the uterus. The movement of the egg causes contraction of the muscles thereby causing abdominal cramps. The abdominal cramp is felt a day after the ovulation.

Follicle rupture

As the egg is released, the follicle is ruptured or broken causing mild shock, which in turn causes abdominal cramps. During the bursting process, some women notice mild bleeding for a few days. The abdominal cramp is usually felt two days after ovulation.

Mittelschmerz (Mid-cycle cramps)

It is the one responsible for dull pain on the side of the abdomen in the middle of the menstrual cycle. How long does pain last after ovulation? The pain might last for a few hours to days.
Medical conditions which include the following:

  • Ovarian cyst – Abdominal cramps post ovulation are one of the presumptive signs of ovarian cyst. If the cyst grow bigger and ruptured, you will experience a sudden onset of severe abdominal pain. Aside from abdominal cramps, you will also experience vaginal bleeding, abdominal cramping even if you don’t have your period, constipation, irregular menstrual flow, a feeling of fullness, pain after sexual intercourse, and the urge to urinate often.
  • Endometriosis – an intense menstrual cramp a week after ovulation can be a sign of endometriosis, a health condition in which the endometrial tissue grows outside the uterus. Other signs and symptoms include mild to severe abdominal cramps before your menstrual period, lower back pain, painful sexual intercourse, painful urination, and having a difficulty becoming pregnant.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease – It is a bacterial infection transmitted through sexual intercourse. It is mostly asymptomatic, but some women experience symptoms like lower abdominal pain and mild to chronic pelvic pain. Aside from pain, the patient also notices a foul vaginal discharge, irregular menstrual flow, painful urination, and tenderness in the abdomen and pelvis.
  • Salpingitis – A medical condition characterized by inflammation and infection of the fallopian tubes. Abdominal cramping and pain are some of the clinical manifestations of salpingitis.
  • Mucus congestion – right after ovulation, the mucus gets accumulated and if not excreted could lead to swelling of the fallopian tube. (4, 5, 6, 7)

Implantation cramping

Is cramping after ovulation a sign of pregnancy? It is a probable sign. A mild abdominal cramp that takes place about a week after ovulation and before your next period is a probable sign of pregnancy. It takes place between 6 to 12 days after egg fertilization.

Many women think that the cramping is a sign that their period is nearing because it does really feel like menstrual cramps until they noticed a delay in their period and test positive for pregnancy. Abdominal cramps, specifically, implantation cramping is usually felt five to seven days after ovulation.

Drug-related

Abdominal cramping right after ovulation is common in women taking fertility drugs.

Pelvic congestion syndrome

it causes abdominal cramping somewhere between the end of the ovulation and the start of your menstrual period (7 to 10 days after ovulation).

Constipation

Some women feel constipated a week after ovulation causing rectal muscles to stretch and triggering abdominal cramping. (5, 7, 8, 9)

Abdominal cramping a few days after ovulation can be a sign of pregnancy. It takes place as the uterus prepares itself for the zygote. Once the implantation is complete, it causes abdominal cramps and discomfort. Other presumptive signs of pregnancy include a feeling of fatigue, nausea, a feeling of fullness, breast tenderness, and increased sensitivity. As previously mentioned, they are presumptive signs of pregnancy. The only way to be sure is to conduct a pregnancy test. (5, 8, 9)

What does cramping after ovulation mean?

Cramping day after ovulation

it is caused by the movement of the egg and could last for a few seconds to minutes.

Cramping 2 days after ovulation

Most likely associated with the movement of the egg as it prepares for menstruation.

Cramping 3 days after ovulation

It can be due to the movement of the egg as it prepares for menstruation or if you have had sexual contact, then it could signal a pregnancy as the egg fuses with the sperm. However, it is too early to predict that you are pregnant at this stage.

Cramping 4 days after ovulation

The same principles mentioned in cramping three days after ovulation.

Cramping 5 days after ovulation

The chances that it is pregnancy related are high. However, the only way to confirm the presumption is through pregnancy test.

Cramping a week after ovulation

It is pregnancy related as implantation usually occurs in this stage. However, cramping alone is not enough basis to confirm you are pregnant. You need to watch out for other pregnancy symptoms such as morning sickness, dizziness, and breast tenderness.

Treatment

The goal of the treatment is to alleviate the pain and discomfort. If you are sure that you are not pregnant, then you can take over the counter pain reliever. If you are suspecting pregnancy, then you need to be extra careful when it comes to taking drugs, even if it is just over the counter pain reliever.

It is best to resort to natural treatment approach such as hot compress. Make sure that the heat is within your tolerance level to avoid burns. If the abdominal cramp after ovulation has been going on for a few weeks and the pain is intense in nature, then you need to consult your doctor to rule out the exact cause. (5, 9, 10)

References:

  1. https://diseasespictures.com/cramping-after-ovulation-causes-symptoms-treatment-2-3-4-5-6-7-days-after-ovulation/
  2. https://www.healthyandnaturalworld.com/cramping-after-ovulation/
  3. https://www.ovulationcalculator.com/cramping-pain/
  4. https://healthosphere.com/cramping-after-ovulation/
  5. https://conceivesuccess.com/cramping-after-ovulation/
  6. https://www.thebump.com/a/what-are-implantation-cramps
  7. https://www.everydayhealth.com/pms/ovulation-pain.aspx
  8. https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/conditionsandtreatments/ovulation-pain
  9. https://www.brighterpress.com/women/ovulation/cramping-after-ovulation-1-2-3-4-days-am-i-pregnant/
  10. https://diyremedies.org/cramping-after-ovulation/

Published on July 19th, 2018 by under Pregnancy.
Article was last reviewed on July 19th, 2018.

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